World War I, called "The Great War", comes to Cape Cod
On this day in 1917, as reported by The Mansfield (Ohio) News under the headline,
Keeping Enemies from our Shores
While the United States did not become involved in World War I until April 6 of 1917 after German submarines sank seven American merchant ships, our country started preparing in March as this story relates:
As relations between the United States and Germany have become more and more strained with the passage of every twenty-four hours, the expert battle tacticians of the navy, especially those of the naval war college at Washington, are concentrating their strategy upon the naval defenses of the Atlantic seaboard. This means primarily the defense of the two zones which are been deemed to be the most important - the region immediately about New York and that about the Delaware capes, says the New York World.
The necessity for the protection of New York is considered obvious, as the financial and commercial center of the country. The demand for the adequate defense of the Delaware capes lies in the fact that from that point, a successful enemy would have access to the great coal and oil fields of Pennsylvania, with the taking of Philadelphia as a natural result. And from the capes, the way would be more or less open to the nation's capital.
To meet a naval raid upon the eastern seacoast the experts have devised a plan, subject to a number of variations to cope with as many conditions, which calls for a naval battle line extending from Cape Cod to a point well below the Delaware capes. This line, which would be the first with which an enemy would come into touch, extends in an arc with a radius of 500 miles - in other words, 500 miles off the eastern coast.
It is to be composed of the fastest destroyers the navy can supply, those capable of a speed of at least thirty knots an hour. They are to be stationed twenty-five miles apart and are to be kept constantly cruising along their particular section of the arc.
102-year-old June Lauzon died Febuary. 7, 2006
On this day in 2007 the Clark Art Institute (on right courtesy of CAI) received a $3.5 million bequest from the late June Lauzon that will be used, in part, to dedicate gallery space in the museum's original 1955 building to her collection of early handblown glass.
Lauzon and her husband, Albert, lent part of their collection of American glass to the Clark beginning in 1975, donating it outright in 1981. They continued to add to the collection during their lifetimes. The 150 pieces date from the late 18th century to the mid-19th century and include free-blown, pattern-molded and mold-blown glassware. June K. Simpson Lauzon died Feb. 7, 2006, at age 102; her husband died in 1978.
The gift includes $1 million in cash and $2.5 million in real estate, including the Lauzons' home on Cape Cod. The Clark previously received $8.4 million — the largest private donation in its history — from the estates of Elizabeth H. and H. Morris Burrows.